What did the Mycenaeans adopt from the Minoans. The act of trade involves the transference of goods and people, which in turn causes exposure of beliefs and practices between different cultures. - Mycenaean Civilization Group activity. The lessons are versatile enough to be taught in a number of ways. They had rich forests, fertile land, and access to the sea for trading. 15 questions (identify and multiple choice) assess students' understanding. Room 12b shows items reflecting the daily lives, economic activities, burial customs and religious beliefs of Mycenaean Greece. The Mycenaeans. Multiple Uses: They carried goods to other ports 3. The Minoan iconography strongly reflects their social matriarchal structure – the image… 2. Minoans & Mycenaeans: Understanding the Earliest Ancient Greeks! 3) Timeline Minoans may have been working as intermediaries between the Mycenaeans and other cultures What are the main contributions of … 13 Project Ideas for Early Greece - The Ancient Mycenaeans After a few days of the trading, bull-leaping, artistic Minoans, we come to the raiding, Trojan-horse building Mycenaeans. 2) Vocabulary Sheet I've provided a color and black and white version, as well as a key. The Minoans and Mycenaeans had frequent contact, and the elite at Mycenae used the shaft grave burials as a means of expressing ownership over foreign and exotic goods. Two previously undiscovered tholos tombs have recently been uncovered next to Tholos IV at Pylos; although they have not yet been dated, they have been named Tholos VI and Tholos VII. 15. Tags: Question 4 . -A review or exit slip th, In this COMPLETE lesson from InspirEd Educators, students will be able to identify and describe the early peoples of ancient Greece. Others believe they were destroyed by inv… Common motifs are also processions and sacred rituals, such as bull-leaping. This can be a ver, Who were the Minoans and Mycenaeans? Some Active Trade Routes in the Bronze Age Mediterraneanby Kelly Macquire (CC BY-NC-SA). "The Minoans & Mycenaeans: Comparison of Two Bronze Age Civilisations." Students are given a prompt about the significance of the topic in history. Animal and bloodless sacrifices, along with processions were part of ritua… The archaeological record has provided us with a great deal of information about their interconnectedness, transmission of ideas and goods, and shifts in political and trade dominance in the Mediterranean. - Geography of Greece (map not included) Have each group pick a story to tell the class. The influence on the Mycenaeans by the Minoans on Crete has been expressed through their similar yet smaller palatial centres, their burial practices, possession of goods and adoption of common Minoan symbols. The Minoans for Kids. This resource is a W, Download and go! As evidence in the art of the period, the Minoans deified the natural world and found in it a logical order that allowed man to live in harmony with the natural environment. Minoans and Mycenaeans were genetically similar, having at least three-quarters of their ancestry from the first Neolithic farmers of western Anatolia and the Aegean 1,2, and most of the remainder from ancient populations related to those of the Caucasus3 and Iran4,5. 1) Visual Word Wall Explore the visual tours of Bronze Age sites and click on Minoan Civilization and Mycenaean Civilization to learn more about these periods. Archaeological finds from Mycenaean sites such as Mycenae and Pylos indicate that the Minoans may have been working as intermediaries between the Mycenaeans and other cultures, such as Egypt, in their well-established trade networks. -2 powerpoints: 1 for each civilization Since we cannot decipher the language of the Minoans - Linear A - what can be inferred of the usage of the centres rests entirely on the archaeological record. The palace centres on Crete were not palaces in a modern sense but seem to have been the centre of administrative business, religious activity, and a centralised space for commerce and trade. Focussing on the Minoans and Mycenaeans, although they are often perceived as one following after the other, there were a few hundred years in which the dominance in the Aegean shifted from the Minoans to the Mycenaeans. Minoan art frequently shows peaceful scenes of floral or marine subject matter, while the art of the Mycenaeans celebrates things such as chariots and combat. "The Combat Agate from the Grave of the Griffin Warrior at Pylos. The Minoans were not Greek, but they were the first to live on the Greek island of Crete. "The Lord of the Gold Rings: The Griffin Warrior of Pylos. See more ideas about minoan, minoan art, mycenaean. The Ancient History Encyclopedia logo is a registered EU trademark. This shipwreck carried artefacts and raw materials from Egypt, Cyprus, the Greek Mainland, Crete, and the Levant; it was the pottery on board which aided in the dating of the ship. We also know that these Mycenaean centres were ruled by a wanax, which was like a lord, and their second-in-command was a lawagetas, which was like a governor. Chapter 2: Historical Background of Greek Mythology. The Minoans were also the first literate people of Europe. Last modified September 24, 2020. Please support Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation. The Greek Dark Ages - The Greeks Become One People. Hands-On Ancient People, Volume 2: Art Activities About Minoans, Mycenaeans, Trojans, Ancient Greeks, Etruscans, and Romans by Merrill, Yvonne Y.; Simpson, Mary [Illustrator] and a great selection of related books, art and collectibles available now at AbeBooks.com. I have included an answer key (which is included in the total page count). navigational techniques. They pirated each other's ships. The Minoans may have been working as intermediaries between the Mycenaeans & other cultures, such as Egypt. The calm bull scene is well-executed and freeform, with the handles placed on top of the design, seemingly as an afterthought. There are several depictions of priestesses and women performing religious rituals, and numerous ivory carvings of a deity who has been given the name of The Snake Goddess by modern-day scholars; her original name is unknown. Books Related Content The ruins of the palace of Nestor provide evidence of small fortifications a fair distance from the city centre, as opposed to other cities like Mycenae and Tiryns. Commentaries. Q. Minoans, Mycenaeans, Dark Age, Archaic Period, Classical Period, Hellenistic Period. Numerous educational institutions recommend us, including Oxford University and Michigan State University and University of Missouri. Minoans and Mycenaeans In this activity, students will learn about the key terms, people and places that pertains to the Minoans and Mycenaean civilization. 1.) Ancient History Encyclopedia. They were allies in war. However, the Mycenaeans differed from Minoans in Ancient Greece Unit: 15 engaging lessons to teach Ancient Greece! It shared many cultural features with the Minoans. Lesson warm up, teacher instructions, teacher answers, guiding discussion questions, all student handouts and activities are included in this CRITICAL THINKING lesson, This product has everything you need to teach the Minoans and Mycenaeans! This pre, Included in your purchase: Due to additional evidence from Minoan artwork, researchers also conclude that women functioned in high-level roles in that society, perhaps even as priestesses, but there are no correlating artistic representations in Mycenaean material culture i… This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon this content non-commercially, as long as they credit the author and license their new creations under the identical terms. 14. Mycenaean statehood was based on war and conquest; on the other hand, the Minoans were a society based on trade and diplomacy. This purchase is a bundle of two lessons; The Ancient Minoans and the Mycenaeans. The Minoan civilization was a Bronze Age Aegean civilization on the island of Crete and other Aegean Islands, flourishing from c. 3000 BC to c. 1450 BC until a late period of decline, finally ending around 1100 BC.It represents the first advanced civilization in Europe, leaving behind massive building complexes, tools, artwork, writing systems, and a massive network of trade. Aug 8, 2020 - Explore Daniel Swanson's board "Minoan" on Pinterest. They built magnificent palaces on top of hills, as well as forts and storage areas. Student responses wil, *Digitally Converts for Google ClassroomStudents are directed to a kid safe certified website article about the topic. The Mycenaeans for Kids. Students read he writing prompt on the significance of the topic in Ancient Greece3. In this activity packet, students will explore the Minoan and Mycenaean civilizations through readings, guided questions, a comparison chart and a map activity. The rise of the Mycenaean civilization in the mid-2nd millennium BC on the Greek mainland and the evidence of their cultural influence on Minoan art and trade make them the most likely cause. The earliest tholos tomb on the mainland is believed to be Tholos IV at Pylos, however the most iconic is the Treasury of Atreus, also known as the Tomb of Agamemnon, built c. 1250 BCE at Mycenae. History with Mr E - A Social Studies Professional, Ancient Greece Minoans and Mycenaeans Reading Comprehension Worksheet Greek, Ancient Civilizations Reading Comprehension Worksheet Mega Bundle, Ancient Civilizations Interactive Notebook Bundle and Activities, Introduction to Ancient Greece- Geography, Minoans & Mycenaeans, & Homer's Epics, Ancient Greece: The Mycenaeans and Minoans, Ancient Greece: THE MINOAN AND MYCENAEAN CIVILIZATIONS Bundle, Minoan and Mycenaean Civilizations: an introduction, Minoan and Mycenaean Comparison Worksheets and Powerpoint Bundle, 4104-9 Mycenaeans, Minoans, and Dorians of Ancient Greece. Macquire, Kelly. This is usually how I start teaching Ancient Greece. 4) Reading and graphic organizer for Crete (the Minoans) They can use posters, costumes, simple masks, but no music. **I hope you enjoy this product! Minoan culture became a powerful force in the region. Dive into their language and art and what eventually led to their demise. It is primarily through the burial goods of the Mycenaean elite that a pattern for the preference of Minoan craftsmanship and iconography has been recognised. What was the Mycenaeans … The Bronze Age Aegean in the eastern Mediterranean encompassed several powerful entities: the Minoans on Crete; the Mycenaeans on mainland Greece, and the Cypriots on Cyprus. An accompanying worksheet is free in my store. The te, Lesson Time: Approximately 40-50 minutesThis product contains two readings, each on the Minoan and Mycenaean civilizations. They controlled the seas and protected travelers from pirates The Minoan civilization ended suddenly. On some of these islands, ancient civilizations thrived. The Mycenaeans not only expressed their preference for Minoan craftsmanship but incorporated common Minoan iconographical motifs such as the octopus from the iconic Marine Ware into their own, more structured and geometric-style art. We know from the extant Linear B archives, primarily from the archives found at Pylos and Knossos, that the Mycenaean city centres were, like the Cretan centres, centralised spaces for the redistribution of goods and had areas for the storage of oils and grains, and rooms for specific crafts. Ancient Greece: Minoans and the Mycenaeans This product is a Google Digital Lesson. The enormous size of the fortification walls led the earlier Greeks to call them ‘Cyclopean walls’ since they could have only been built by the race of one-eyed giants, the cyclops. It is primarily through the burial goods of the Mycenaean elite that a pattern for the preference of Minoan craftsmanship and iconography has been recognised. The Minoans. Minoan Vs. Mycenaean Societies. In this ancient history instructional activity, students compare and contrast the Minoan and Mycenaean cultures in the given chart. The Mycenaeans (Greek people) on islands and the mainland of Europe to the north had seen the grandeur of Crete. Mycenaeans- 1600-1200 B.C. The Minoans were known for their free-flowing artistic decoration and showed a preference for marine and plant life. This LH II tholos tomb presented two gold cups; known as the Vaphio cups. They traded pottery for ivory and metals 2. The Oxford Handbook of the Bronze Age Aegean. Additionally, the Minoans constructed tholos or beehive tombs, which was a style of burial also used by the Mycenaeans. Minoans relied heavily on religious iconography, depicting the images of their gods and especially goddesses. 1. There is evidence of communal feasting, animal sacrifice, libations and food offerings, and although they seem to have adopted some religious symbols from the Minoans, such as the double axe, it is not clear whether this symbol meant the same to the Mycenaeans as it did on Crete. Submitted by Kelly Macquire, published on 24 September 2020 under the following license: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. Frescoes show the use of rhytons which were libation vessels used for ritual purposes and were often highly ornamented. One striking feature on Crete is the lack of fortifications around the palatial centres, which has encouraged speculation that the Minoans were fairly peaceful and may have not feared attack from outside forces. Some believe it was due to underwater earthquakes that destroyed the cities. Archeologists think this might have been due to a natural disaster such as an earthquake. Find out when and where they lived. Remember, a project can be short! The Greek language is first recorded in this period in the Linear B script derived from Minoan Crete. This product includes a hook activity with the Myth of the Minotaur, article on the Minoans and Mycenaeans, and fun activities to complete in class or as homework. Learn about their religion. - Homer vs. Homer Simpson Comparison Reflection on Culture It was used for religious and accounting purposes from about 1800–1450 B.C.E., when it abruptly disappeared to be replaced by Linear B, a tool of the Mycenaeans, and one that we can read today. We do, however, have Linear B tablets which mention some of the same gods that were venerated by the Classical Greeks who came after them, including Poseidon, Zeus, Artemis, and Hermes. We have also been recommended for educational use by the following publications: Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization registered in Canada. Ancient Greece: Minoans and the Mycenaeans, Introduction to Ancient Greece (Minoans, Mycenaeans & Homer), Minoans and Mycenaeans | Ancient Greece Inquiry Activity, Ancient Greece: Minoan and Mycenaean Civilizations, Minoans and Mycenaeans - Reading Comprehension and Answer Key, Early Ancient Greece: Mycenaeans & Minoans PowerPoint, Ancient Greece Reading Comprehension - The Minoans and The Mycenaeans, Minoans and Mycenaeans R.A.C.E Online Writing Assignment W/Article (WORD), Minoans and Mycenaeans R.A.C.E Online Writing Assignment With Article, Ancient Greece Exam (Minoan and Mycenaean civilizations/Classical Age), Minoans vs Mycenaean Reading, Chart, and Guiding Questions. Often the quality of artefacts uncovered in Mycenaean burials suggests they were made by Minoans for a mainland audience. What's included: The ZIP file has a PDF student version fo, Read about the Minoans and Mycenaeans from ancient Greece. They adapted the writing of the Minoans to their own language. ". 16. The palaces were grand structures, with Knossos being the largest of the main sites and the only one that kept its grandeur after the widespread destruction c. 1700 BCE. See more ideas about Minoan, Mycenaean, Mycenae. This three page reading comprehension activity provides a straight-forward reading, compare and contrast chart, and short answer questions for students to respond to. The understanding of Bronze Age trade and active networks is informed largely by multiple shipwrecks which have been excavated by underwater archaeologists.