rites of passage examples in different cultures

The traditional American wedding ceremony is such a rite of passage. Instead, they remain secluded for three months. It is always going to be worth it, remarkable in your life. This is because the use of alcohol, conscious altering drugs, and other substances during this process increases the probability of later use of illegal drugs that may have a negative effect on the health of adolescents. Finally, it is during the post-liminal phase that the individual returns to his/her social settings, and attains new rights and commitments. One aspect of rites of passage that is often overlooked by interpreters (perhaps … There is a sponsor that is assisted by a nonanetu, which is a common villager, who has sons between the ages six and nine, and they also participate in this ritual. Reducing substance use during adolescence: a translational framework for prevention. During the period before he leaves he will also be advised by a medicine man regarding his coming quest. In the case of any content-related problem, you can reach us through the report button. This misconception is perpetuated through cultural norms where people believe that drinking is a social facilitator where friends can meet and enjoy alcohol (Piehler & Dishion, 2014). Example #5 1. The story does not take place for longer than a couple of days. The act implied that Mat and Yusof had faith in Raybeck as they had shared their misdoings (Raybeck, 1996, p. 67). After much deliberation, they decided to stay in the village of Wakaf Bahru where most of his fieldwork was conducted. These programs can also introduce safer approaches as a rite of passage into adulthood that prevents an early inset of substance use among the adolescents (Stanis & Andersen, 2014). Even in tribes or cities or smaller groups. This statement makes John thoughtful; he begins to understand that society contains many white people that hate the black race. These can be achieved through mass media campaigns and community training that can be tailored to change some of the negative social norms in society and increase skills for resisting drugs (Stanis & Andersen, 2014). 2. In religion, John accepts the doctrine of love; in contrast, racism causes John to comprehend the hate that his race encounters. Developmental psychology, 50(4), 11601169. doi:10.1037/a0034698. b. Most Americans perceive alcohol consumption and the use of other substances as a rite of passage. John begins a boy and ends as a young man. These rituals can be performed individually or collectively. Most of the boys in this culture participate in this ritual. Conscious altering drugs have a limited effect in their initial use and problems come due to continued use as this may lead to drug abuse. One example of this occurs when John commences a dialogue with his mother in which he learns that his father beats him because he loves [him] (Baldwin 25). Consequently, Raybeck was able to query about village issues which were initially kept from him, and hence, he could use these insiders’ knowledge to get more information from other villagers. Female friends and family teach the girls how a woman should act. Some ceremonies are religion-specific, such as Jewish Bar and Bat Mitzvahs or Christian baptisms and confirmations. In our lives, there will be other rites of passage that will still have great importance; celebrating birthdays, graduation from school or college, getting jobs, marriage, having kids, the transition from child to adult, and even divorce. Ultimately, John experiences a vision during a moment of prayer. On the macrocosm level, racism and religion exhibit signs of similarities. In this paper I will be discussing two rites of passage, one from a society in Brazil and one from personal experience. Trough the recognition of the "same" in the otherness of the other, we tend to be more open to this same otherness and the alterity of other cultures. Essayscollector.com, Rites of Passage Essay. A rite of passage can even be dangerous, disgusting or sometimes fun and hygienic. Some of these experiences are listed below. In this mini-unit we will study these significant rites of passage and how different cultures uniquely mark these changes as they come to pass in the lives of their people. After John completes his rites of passage for religion, he finds himself part of a larger community. Rites of Passage: Douglas Raybeck’s fieldwork in Kelantan. Upon facing racism, John creates his identity and therefore he separates from the foreclosure. To begin, let’s look at some of the different rites of passage from around the world that show traditional coming-of-age ceremonies in other cultures that are the basis for new American rituals. After the room is cleaned thoroughly, no one is allowed into it until the mother is nearing the time for the delivery. On the Sambia tribe, doing homosexual acts and digesting another man’s semen is as important to the Sambia culture as a simple confirmation to a Christian community. Each ceremony is unique and meaningful to one's own culture. Through this definition, John earns his spot in his family and his spot as a man. In order for John to complete his rites of passage, he must forgive his father and thus accepts Christ s doctrine of love. The voice then whispers sardonically, all niggers had come from the most undutiful of Noah s sons (Baldwin 197). For example, Kelantanese middle-aged mothers have control over family finances and intricate network of connections through their trips to the market, which holds extensive information of current affairs in the village (Raybeck, 1996, p. 181). Some are even dangerous and really nasty. According to Van Gennep, he identifies this as incorporation (97). More contemporary rites of passage from my own experience would be graduation. Regardless of the method, bridging the gap between childhood and adulthood is , and will always be , one of the most universal and important milestones of human life. (2020, Oct 03). Marriage is considered an important rite of passage in the two cultures due to the meaning it bears with respect to societal continuity. 1. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. As the women age, get married, and give birth, their participation in economic and social life increases is when the liminal phase begins as they begin to learn more norms and go through rituals such as childbirth and the gathering of information through social interactions. This type of racism exists, according to Http://www.Pinkmonkey.com, when the kind of thinking produced by African Americans–or any group targeted by racism– believe the stereotypes about themselves and imagine that European Americans are superior. It would always be important. ”. This takes place because although John can help control his family, he has no authority whatsoever about the topic of racism. All content on this page is verified and owned by Essayscollector Team. The third phase is when you have reentered society and have completed a rite that has changed your previous status. Female adolescent rites of passage provide communities with a group process for initiating girls into womanhood. One last sub-theme that John must pass to achieve his rights of passage takes the form of patriarchy. Baldwin foreshadows this through a quote: Everyone had always said that John would be a preacher when he grew up, just like his father (Baldwin 11). It is a time where your social status changes from high school student to a high school graduate. Retrieved from http://studymoose.com/using-alcohol-or-drugs-as-a-rite-of-passage-into-adulthood-essay. 3. After the speeches are done, four of the faculty members begin to call out names by rank if you wore white, which means you had a 4.0 GPA or higher, and in alphabetical order, if you wore green. As he was not part of the people, the villagers generally viewed Raybeck through hostile lenses and treated him as an outsider. The Kumbh Mela is a Hindu pilgrimage and festival held approximately every 12 years that can attract more than 60 million people such that it has set records for the largest gathering of people. He advises John to fall on your knees one day and ask him to help you pray (Baldwin 55). The ritual concludes with the individual performing some ritualistic act that reflects his/her new status, thus showing the community that they are ready to embrace their new position and the responsibilities that come with it. Additional materials, such as the best quotations, synonyms and word definitions to make your writing easier are also offered here. It makes you realize and connect with other people that have been through the same that you have. Each different culture or society may choose to mark these rites in very different ways. Many children, without religious or ethnic heritage, have no sort of recognition outside of high school graduations—if they choose to graduate. Pritzker, S., & Minter, A. The concept of the “Rite of Passage” is seen in all cultures. Required fields are marked *. Each ceremony is unique and meaningful to one's own culture. In conclusion, adolescent rites of passage mark the transition to adulthood. The Kalapalo call this ritual ipoñe and it is very important to them as it symbolizes the differences between men and women. Rites of passage help many people feel part of their respective societies. Adventure Education programs, su… They even feel the need to be accepted in their society and it has always been the same but in so many different kinds of societies. Finally, in the post-liminal phase, the Kelantanese women are able to gain higher social status and are eligible to participate in village affairs by going through the symbolic nature of marital status, age and childbirth. This act symbolized warmth and enhanced friendship between the two (Raybeck, 1996, p. 65). Finally, the post-liminal phase is when the groom and bride are incorporated into society with new identities as a married couple. Referring back to Van Gessep s analysis of rites of passage, the analysis drawn can show that incorporation and separation exist as opposites. (2014). Through his efforts to learn proper societal behaviors and participating in village events, Raybeck had completed his post-liminal phase by transforming himself from a foreigner to a fellow villager; an outsider to an insider. Rites of passage Religious people often have ceremonies to mark significant life events. 1. John only achieves his salvation and religious acceptance at the end of the novel. A representative example is afforded by the traditional rites surrounding childbirth as these were commonly … Yet if you were an Arunta from Australia, it might be the moment you rose off of the smoking tree branches you were lying upon and were proclaimed an adult. A. In one way, John became more mature and aware of himself in matters of religion. In the sub-theme of patriarchy, John also experiences incorporation because he becomes part of the family. In the pre-liminal phase, which begins in their youth, Kelantanese women are removed from the world of men and are expected to stay home to assist with household activities and to learn skills needed to contribute to society. Copyrights (c) 2021 All Rights Reserved. What I’m saying is that they are not right and are not ok, but it’s their way of proving themselves and the others something, that they are as worth it as each of its partners. There are also smaller but important rites that belong to small things such as work. They have existed throughout human history and may be a significant factor in the development of a stable adult personality. In this mini-unit we will study these significant rites of passage and how different cultures uniquely mark these changes as they come to pass in the lives of their people. The African-American community is turning back to its cultural roots to aid social ills among young males. The same also applies to religion; he undergoes authentic conversion. The first phase begins by being withdrawn from ordinary society. Yet it one day might be different. Rites of passage were first described by anthropologist Arnold van Gennep (1960) as a way of accepting the many rituals and rites observed in conventional cultures, and their significance to the dynamics of both individual and group life within the culture. Rites of passage are used to mark a life stage and are celebrated by tradition or religion, meant to separate a specific group. Then, there is a date set for the ritual and only hosts and assistants usually attend the ritual itself, although other village groups are invited. Each different culture or society may choose to mark these rites in very different ways. 63-64). Additionally, an intended rite of passage offers the space for the society to convey its core values and grant the role obligations appropriate to the initiate’s stage of life, thus assuring cultural endurance. According to Kottak (2011), “All rites of passage have three phases: separation, liminality, and incorporation. This phase is often characteristically dangerous and wrought with uncertainty… If you’re like most Americans, such events marked the moment you became an adult. The use of alcohol or drugs as a rite of passage into adulthood differs from the use of conscious altering drugs during rites of passage in traditional societies in that conscious altering drugs have a low to moderate psychological dependence compared to the use of drinks and drugs (Piehler & Dishion, 2014). Think again about what you consider to be your “rite of passage. Payment methods: VISA, MasterCard, JCB, DIscover, Prices start at $10Min. ”. He verbalizes, It was white folks that tried to cut your brother s throat (Baldwin 45). By contrasting the sub-themes, Baldwin effectively describes the multitude of ways in which John progresses. However, he found that everyone was giving him the same information; a picture of village life as the villagers wanted him to see (Raybeck, 1996). 3. In this video I will demonstrate how different cultures express their rites of passage and share my own experience. This was a great chance for Raybeck; Lundberg (2016) stated that all major periods of life change involve rituals. Their changes are huge, but not only for the person itself, but for their new roll-on society as well. The Okrika of Nigeria celebrates coming of age with the Iria ceremony for seventeen-year-old girls. A rite of passage can be a one day long, like a bachelor, a marriage, confirmations, bar mitzvahs and other, or they can take a month, like in the Sambia tribe, a guy for becoming a man has to do a 3 stage passage of a month long. Her love is exemplified in her recognizing of his birthday. Besides the religious rites of passage—such as practised in the Catholic Church—there are numerous examples rites of passage in Western secular culture. You either do it or you’re out. (2016, Jul 19). A rite of passage can be one day long, like a bachelor, a marriage, confirmations, bar mitzvahs, and others, or they can take a month like, in the Sambia tribe, a guy for becoming a man has to do a 3 stage passage of a month-long. The rituals may be less ceremonial and without the intent of actually being an initiation, but the psychological drive is still apparent. The pregnant wo… John must conquer the right of his manhood through his family. In the beginning, John had a fierce hatred of God and his father. 2. Every day men and women of the village would prepare the boys for the ceremony by singing and dancing with them and applying an herbal infusion to their earlobes which is to prevent them from bleeding. John shows signs of taking part in society as African Americans. For other uses, see Rite of passage (disambiguation). deadline 3 hoursWriters: ESL, ENL, Payment methods: VISA, MasterCard, American Express, Prices start at $11Min. Furthermore, his father instructs John about his race s mistreatment. Do you recall your graduation ceremony? From a literal level, Baldwin develops the theme of rights of passage through the sub-themes of racism, religion, and paternalism and compares and contrasts them in order to illustrate John Grimes’s metamorphosis from a young boy to an adult within his society. Other rites of passage celebrate changes that are wholly cultural, such as initiation into societies composed of people with special interests—for example, fraternities. Rites of passage are special rituals societies employ to assist their members at key times of biographical change. On their return, they are officially released from seclusion and are able to return back to their homes. Piehler, T. F., & Dishion, T. J. The second, or liminal, the phase is the most interesting. The sub-theme of religion deviates from the main theme, rights of passage. With the dancing still being held, the fathers of the boys collect expensive ceramics so they can pay the ear piercers. Perhaps some are yet mired in that no man’s land called adolescence. Although at first John does not comprehend this message, after some time, he begins to understand the role of his father. BODY I. Rites of Passage in Cultures: Puberty is often a signal in most cultures that a boy or girl is ready to become an adult. A rite of passage also helps you to be prepared for your new role, or new beliefs, or new work or new people, or new responsibilities. The boys sit on stools and the guardians begin to cut the participant’s hair and placing them on the mats that are in from of the boys and the hair is disposed of in the forest. From Aborigines in Australia to New York, rite of passage is used to separate the men from the boys. Taboos that I had faced while participating in the graduation ceremony is that I had to attend a rehearsal in order to graduate, I had to wear my liminal symbol, which was the cap and gown, and I had to sit in arranged seating by rank with my class instead of with my family. spam or irrelevant messages, We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. A rite of passage is a valuable ritual event that marks a person’s transition from one status to another and creates milestones in that person’s life. This situation where Raybeck changed the villagers’ views of him but still did not gain enough of their trust to talk about the internal affairs of the village, perfectly represented the process within the liminal phase; the individual is neither in his initial status nor his new status. On the second night, the boys are undressed from the decorations and the singing continues by the host village and the agifoñati, which is a medicine used to help the bleeding, is applied. The Navajo of the American Southwest celebrates this milestone with the vision quest. This ceremony represents the coming of age and is one step towards manhood for boys. Self Medication Practices in a Rural Filipino Community, Pharmaceutical Industry Analysis in Bangladesh, Young and Invincible Adolescent Participation in Reckless Behaviour. It is often a period in which the initiates are taught those things that will be needed to function in the new social position. John s anger acts as a response to his father’s abusiveness; this anger erupts into such a fiery hatred that he hopes for the day when his father would be dying (Baldwin 21). It would always in some way make you feel part of a community. Increase in Rites of Passage in the United States: The United States is an ethnic melting pot of cultures and traditions. Also, they have to fast the first five days and during the first month, they can only eat wild fruits. In conclusion, the length of the ritual of the Kalapalo and the length of my graduation differ greatly. Rites of passage take place on getting accepted in society by showing or proving or doing something or sometimes the rites are for them to learn their new roll-on society and all that marks a person’s lives changing its whole self and turning it into something that belongs somewhere, in a certain society. 3. 2. In conclusion, rites of passage are an essential part of every culture and they have significance in how they help an individual to find their individuality and purpose within the society. a.The MAAT Program attempts to instruct at-risk African-American males on social behavior through sessions with older mentors that incorporate African tribal tradition. Although the ceremony was tedious, I would rather share the experience and enjoy it with my friends and family. Although the boys have their ears pierced, they still have not reached the third phase. In many cultures, this is used to mark the socially recognized transition to sexual maturity. Baldwin uses racism as a sub-theme of rights of passage. 1. Rites of passage marking very important events customarily include all three stages described by van Gennep: separation, transition, and reincorporation. Western society has no such widely practiced … The ear-piercing sticks are given to the ear piercers and they begin polishing and making instruments. Baldwin incorporates relating sub-themes in order to measure collectively John Grimes growth. For example, it is common for both Hindus and Buddhists to make a pilgrimage to the river Ganges. The Maasai of Kenya and Tanzania have several rites of passage that carry boys into manhood. In order to prepare for graduation, there are some steps I had to take in order to make it through this process. Many western societal rituals may look like rites of passage but miss some of the important structural and functional components. Users may experience withdrawal effects in the event that they stop taking the drugs (Pritzker & Minter, 2014). By putting this herbal infusion on their earlobes, this is considered a liminal symbol, which marks the condition of this ceremony as extraordinary. At that moment, John realizes that his race is ostracized by white society. There are also different types of symbolic rituals involved in both examples, such as Jaga, names, costumes, age, marriage, and childbirth. Therefore, it includes people from the Kelantanese culture. This rebellion comes about from the feelings he feels about his father and the way his father controls the family with an iron fist. John begins to diverge away from the downfall of internalized racism. Rites of passage in adolescence are a cross-cultural phenomenon. Many different experiences may be considered "rites of passage" that distinguish an adolescent from an adult. I once heard of the rite of passage of a culture that woman had to be circumcised and I just thought that it was unnecessary and ridiculous for it to be the transection for a girl to a woman. He identified sets of habitual behavior that accompanied changes of place, state, social position, and age. Only leaving to travel to the river, the girls stay in the rooms to gain the weight that the tribe considers attractive. It enables them to wear toucan feather earrings, which is an important male ornament, and the acquisition of adult names. The use drink or drug as a rite of passage into adulthood is believed to facilitate socialization, enjoyment, and relaxation that may lead to dependence. b. In addition, a transition occurs in patriarchy and religion. The ritual begins when a fifteen to a sixteen-year-old boy is taken into a sweat lodge, where he will be purified in... 2. Also, during the first month, they were only allowed to eat fruit and in the second month, they were not allowed to eat fish. Some programs have attempted to experiment with the positive potential impact of rites of passage in modern American society. Among the Kalapalo of Central Brazil, there is a rite of passage for boys that involves ear piercing. Doesn’t matter how hard, silly, big, small, easy can a rite of passage be. He had also given up alcohol and pork consumption in the village as it was deemed as a sin in Islam. The liminal phase started when Raybeck participated in the village guard duty, “Jaga”, which allowed him to gradually integrate into the society. Raybeck was also brought to a bar by Yusof and Mat for a drink which was against their religion. His definition of rites of passage constitutes three rites: separation, transition, and incorporation. Stanis, J. J., & Andersen, S. L. (2014). These proceedings add to John s definition of his family. It is often described as an ambiguous state as the individual is no longer in his/her previous state nor is he/she is the new state, and as Leach suggests: “it becomes temporarily an abnormal person existing in abnormal time” (1976, p. 77, as cited in Froggatt 1997). There are rites that can hurt and be difficult to do. The following article outlines some examples of rites of passage that will promote some useful discussion points amongst students: Most families using conscious altering drugs have implemented steps to ensure safe contexts for individuals undergoing a psychedelic experience. Some people think that some rites are dangerous and violent and should be stopped because it involves things like murder. John becomes part of the holy family but he must separate him from the sinful world. A rite of passage can be further divided into three stages; these stages include the pre-liminal stage which is related to separation from an initiate’s previous life, the liminal stage where the initiates are separated from the society and have to undergo various rituals before they reach the post-liminal stage which is related to their new status or state of life (Lundberg, 2016). In a few moments, which seem like an eternity for John, he cries, Takes me through (Baldwin 204)! (2014). The ritual begins when a fifteen to a sixteen-year-old boy is taken into a sweat lodge, where he will be purified in both body and soul before he begins his quest. Such as the confirmation or bar mitzvahs. He hops on one foot to his house and from there he removes the ear-piercing sticks and hops back to where the boys are. Making their lives sweeter or bitter. Every person begins their life with a birth and ends it with death. Students looking for free, top-notch essay and term paper samples on various topics. deadline 3 hoursWriters: ESL. In traditional rites of passage quests, it usually involves A male moving from boyhood to manhood by being separated from his family and village and enduring periods of isolation and tough challenges to see if he can survive on his own and once he sees this vision that will become his guardian spirit, he then returns back to his village as an adult. Therefore, these would be the pre-liminal phase in the rites of passage. However, Baldwin makes it evident that John completed his rites of passage. Rites of Passage ●A ceremony, ritual or event that marks a change in life or status ●Most cultures have ceremonies to mark birth, adolescence, marriage and death, but how they mark these occasions varies greatly ●Some rites of passage are marked by elaborate ceremonies while others are more informal For example, in the sub-theme of religion, incorporation, and separation occurs. Specific Purpose: At the end of my speech, my audience will understand how cultures use adolescent rites of passage to help people mark the transition from childhood to adulthood. Yet our diversity prevents us from having a single experience, common to all, that celebrates our entrance into the adult community. The fathers of the boys begin to place portions of food in front of their sons and instruct them to share the food with the crowd. When a girl leaves the Fattening Room, she is considered a woman. These rites are violent in a way that they end up teaching them something that any other experience as that one can. This may include a change of dress, a change in the geological area, or ritual cleansing. During this seclusion, they can not leave and they can not be visited. ”. There are several rituals such as reading of the Torah and going through a ritualistic bath that should be done by the groom and bride during the week. In the first phase, people withdraw from ordinary society and leave behind their old status, In the third phase, they reenter society, having completed a rite that changes their status. This constitutes the separation phase, which involves women preparing the room by polishing the floor with cow dung. Regardless of which are the most personally significant, we all have moments in our life that we would consider “rites of passage” — moments that carry us across the threshold between two lives. However, after being in the patrol team for some time, Raybeck developed close friendships with the other males, notably Mat and Yusof. In fact, the rest of John s life would become dominated by religion. II. c. Rites of passage like these, says psychologist Michael Gurian in the Spokesman-Review article, promote positive self-image because they force children to develop skills to meet challenges, to reflect on goals, and to learn leadership. John leaves his current state to become part of the church. In the second month, they are allowed to eat anything except for fish and in the third month, they are sent on a fishing trip with their father and other adults. ”. 4. Get a verified expert to help you with Using Alcohol or Drugs as a Rite Of Passage into Adulthood, Are You on a Short Deadline? The rites of passage in the African and French cultures. Once the tools are done being prepared, the ear piercers hold a stick in their hand, and then as the tempo and intensity of the chanting continue, they are given a sign by the sponsor that the ear piercing should begin. In this article, the term refers to rites other than the religious practices known as the Five Pillars of Islam.
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