In 1851, gold was discovered in Australia. NOTE: 1) The information regarding Australia on this page is re-published from the 2020 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency and other sources. If you find this subject boring, you won’t anymore. The state is bounded to the north by the Timor Sea , to the northwest and west by the Indian Ocean , and to the south by the portion of the Indian Ocean commonly called the Southern Ocean (or Antarctic Ocean) in Australia. In a vote in 1999, Australians decided against separating from the UK, but the vote was close and the debate continues. The lowest point is Lake Eyre in South Australia which is 15 metres below sea level. I also learnt some new facts :). Let's look at some interesting facts about Australia. In the Philippines, there’s an island that’s within a lake, on an island that ... 12 geography facts that will blow your mind. Grab your suncream, shades and snorkels, gang – because we’re heading Down Under with these fab Australia facts! Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. Melbourne, Australia – famous cities through the eyes of locals 25 fun and strange geography facts that prove that we live in a fascinating world. In addition Australia has the following inhabited, external territories: Norfolk Island, Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands, and several largely uninhabited external territories: Ashmore and Cartier Islands, Coral Sea Islands, and Heard Island and McDonald Islands. Stan Grant is a Wiradjuri elder of Australia's second-largest Aboriginal community. The name Australia comes from the Latin, ‘Terra Australia Incognito’, which means the Unknown Southern Land. Australia facts: A collection of interesting points about the country, including history, geography, its culture, cuisine, cities, flag, people and more. The rock is twice the size of Ayers Rock, which is the Outback's more famous granite rock. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Australia Geography 2020 information contained here. So Oceania is a group of countries which include Australasia. 6. Geography of Australia. Australia has the largest area of ocean jurisdiction of any country on Earth. Die Besiedelung konzentriert sich auf die östlichen und südöstlichen Küstenregionen. The Great Artesian Basin is an important source of water, the world's largest and deepest fresh water basin. 1. Australia Facts Australia has an interesting history from first being called ‘New Holland’ to then being home to lots of criminals who were sent there as punishment! Swim with Australia’s marine life. Worksheets & Activities Geography Facts History Facts Australia Photos Australia and Oceania’s political and financial future rests largely on its efforts to minimize the effects of climate change. [6] The terrain is mostly low plateau with deserts, rangelands and a fertile plain in the southeast. The Largest Rock on the Planet is in Australia. In alphabetical order, the states are: New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria and Western Australia. Australian Facts General Information. These cookies do not store any personal information. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. FORM OF GOVERNMENT: Federal parliamentary democracy OFFICIAL NAME: Commonwealth of Australia It is 4000 km wide (2485 mi). Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}27°S 144°E / 27°S 144°E / -27; 144. Australia Facts for Kids. Australia is the only country in the world that covers an entire continent, but amazingly it’s also an island! Click to see our fact file or download our comprehensive worksheet collection. The South Australian Highlands—including the Flinders Range, Northern Plateau and Basins—including the, This page was last edited on 6 January 2021, at 05:06. Learn some interesting information about Australia while enjoying a range of fun facts and trivia that's perfect for kids! The country is also rich in minerals and metals and is the world’s fourth largest producer of gold. Flood events drastically alter the dry environment; thus the ecology of central Australia has had to adapt to the boom and bust cycle. Many settlers were criminals sent to live in Australia as punishment. Reiseziele. Access to water from the basin has led to the expansion of grazing into areas that were previously far too dry for livestock. National Geographic’s latest travel stories about Australia. 14. The northern part of the continent has a tropical climate: part is tropical rainforests, part grasslands, and part desert. This day is celebrated as Australia Day in all states and territories. Australia is the lowest continent in the world, averaging only 330 metres. i needed to do research on australia for school! This website uses cookies (not edible ones!). Although it is rich in natural resources and has a lot of fertile land, more than one-third of Australia is desert. Australia is an important exporter of agricultural goods like wool, wheat, beef and fruit. The famous outback (remote rural areas) contains the country’s largest deserts, where there are scorching temperatures, little water and almost no vegetation. 86 Interesting facts about Australia. Australia is the only nation to occupy an entire continent. In total, Australia has 34,218 km of coastline, and is sometimes nicknamed the “island continent” due to its size and isolation. Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, ... Because of the continent's great age, extremely variable weather patterns, and long-term geographic isolation, much of Australia's biota is unique. Running around the eastern and southeastern edge of Australia is the Great Dividing Range. Australia is surrounded by the Pacific Ocean to the east and the Indian Ocean to the west. These facts will give you insights into the country’s history, people, wildlife, culture, tourism, famous inventions and more… 1. Alongside this, there is the house of representatives and senate. The Australia Geography Printables include the following worksheets: an Australian mapping sheet {map rivers, countries, mountains, and other geographical information} an Australian country factsheet to write down information about Australia including when it became a country, current population, climate, type of government, and more. We look at facts about Australia and images of Australia and learn where Australia is. If that's not enough, click over to our collection of world maps and flags. The Golden Wattle is the official flower; green and gold are the national colours. From its trademark deserts and beaches to its lesser-known rainforests and mountain ranges, the stunning country is fascinating for geography lovers. Australia is very sparsely populated: The UK has 248.25 persons per square kilometre, while Australia has only 2.66 persons per square kilometre. MONEY: Australian dollar Australia also boasts the world’s largest sand island, Fraser Island, which stretches over 120km along the southern coast of Queensland. Ahh the drop bear! The name Australia comes from the Latin, ‘Terra Australia Incognito’, which means the Unknown Southern Land. The world is quite fascinating a place if one actually makes an effort to find out. The hardy Aborigines have learned to live in the harsh conditions of the outback. Then you surely want to know about the world's geographical superlatives! [3] It has no land borders. Things to do. Off the eastern coast of Australia is the world's largest coral reef complex, the Great Barrier Reef. Geography lovers also have plenty to enjoy when it comes to Australia! Although it is rich in natural resources and has a lot of fertile land, more than one-third of Australia is desert. Because of its remote location, many animal species that occur here are found nowhere else on Earth, such as the platypus, kangaroo, echidna and koala. Geology. Australian Wildlife. Australia consists of six states, two major mainland territories, and other minor territories. Most Australian cities and farms are located in the southwest and southeast, where the climate is more comfortable. Australia is one of the largest countries on Earth, and the only country that covers an entire continent. an Australia flag coloring page . Minor earthquakes which produce no damage occur frequently, while major earthquakes measuring greater than magnitude 6 occur on average every five years. There are 36 species of poisonous funnel-web spiders found in this incredible country and 20 species of venomous snakes, including the world’s most venomous snake – the taipan. Spain facts: discover the land of flamenco and fiesta. Geography. This 3,700-kilometre stretch of mountain sends water down into Australia’s most important rivers and the Great Artesian Basin, the largest groundwater source in the world. Australian Geographic acknowledges the First Nations people of Australia as traditional custodians, and pay our respects to Elders past and present, and their stories and … Regular burning by these settlers could have prevented monsoons from reaching interior Australia. By far the largest part of Australia is arid or semi-arid. Read about Australian animals, its major cities, highest mountain, unique landscapes, population, indigenous people and much more. Australia is the sixth largest country in the world in terms of land mass. Entdecken. Yikes! Australia is situated in the middle of the tectonic plate, and therefore currently has no active volcanism. Rainfall is highly variable, with frequent droughts lasting several seasons thought to be caused in part by the El Niño-Southern Oscillation. 33 (1): 65–68. Australia’s ecosystem is an unusual one. It shares its name with the country that claims control over it. A rush to find riches came as a result, bringing thousands of new immigrants to the country. You can check out our cool fascinating Fraser Island facts, here! For a short time, the newcomers lived peacefully with the Aboriginal people. Geographic Facts about Queensland . It is the sixth largest country in the world with a total area of 7,686,850 square kilometres (2,967,910 sq mi) (including Lord Howe Island and Macquarie Island), making it slightly smaller than the 48 states of the contiguous United States and 31.5 times larger than the United Kingdom. good info about Australia really helped me with my work on australia. March 10, 2014 at 5:57 am. It shares no land borders with any other country. [7] 25 fun and strange geography facts that prove that we live in a fascinating world. Reisen. This makes it the sixth largest country in the world by area of jurisdiction, which comprises 7,686,850 square kilometres (2,967,910 sq mi) (including Lord Howe Island and Macquarie Island), which is slightly smaller than the 48 states of the contiguous United States and 31.5 times larger than that of the United Kingdom. Countries that surround Australia include Indonesia, Papua New Guinea and East Timor to the north and New Zealand to the south. As a commonwealth of the United Kingdom, Australia’s head of state is the British monarch. An island continent, it lies between the Indian Ocean and the South Pacific Ocean. In: Interim Biogeographic Regionalisation for Australia, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic Treaty, List of cities in Australia by population, "Border Lengths – States and Territories", Non-Fisheries Uses in Australia's Marine Jurisdiction, Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts, Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Geography_of_Australia&oldid=998606525, All Wikipedia articles written in Australian English, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the World Factbook, Articles with French-language sources (fr), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Mostly desert or semi-arid, south-east and south-west corners: temperate, north: tropical climate, varied between tropical rainforests, grasslands, part desert, mountainous areas: subantarctic tundra. The headwaters of some waterways are located in tropical regions where summer rains create a high rate of discharge. this is great! Australia is the driest inhabited continent on earth (Antarctica is the driest). Facts about Australia Download for: Learn about Australia's history, culture, great food and wine, art and spectacular natural landscapes and get an insight into what makes Australia the vibrant, modern and multicultural nation it is today. Australia, the smallest continent and one of the largest countries on Earth, lying between the Pacific and Indian oceans in the Southern Hemisphere. On October 10, 2016 by Australia Immigration Professionals Team blanket a region or several. October 10, 2016 by Australia Immigration Professionals Team climate: part is tropical rainforests, grasslands! Get messy, explore and appreciate nature, all from the Latin, ‘ Terra Australia Incognito ’ which! Geography lovers also have plenty to enjoy when it comes to Australia east and the Southern blanket a region even! Into 6 states and territories cultural centers are Sydney and Melbourne restrictions based! 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