Protections in the Cardamom Mountains comprise the following: The flora, fauna and ecosystems of the Cardamom Mountains are threatened by large construction and infrastructure projects, mining, illegal logging, and opportunistic hunting and poaching. ... the Vindhya range, the Aravali and the Cardamom hills. [4][5][6] The jar burials are a unique feature of this region, and forms a previously unrecorded burial practice in Khmer cultural history. Until recently, Nepal has been the world's largest producer of large cardamom. From this point radiate three ranges—the Anaimalai to the north, the Palni to the northeast, and the Cardamom Hills to the south. These paintings help with understanding the ecological history. Find out the name of the states where highest peaks are located. Anamudi 2,695 metres in Kerala the highest peak in Western Ghats. Kodaikanal hill station is a part of the Palani hills. Be the first to submit your climbing note! In Cambodia, indigenous people are collectively referred to as Khmer Loeu. As deer populations decreased, local hunters also may have resorted to more investment in magic and ritual to seek assistance from ancestors and spirits to increase luck. It includes Idukki Dam and Mullaperiyar Dam. Binturong, porcupine, pangolins, civets, macaques and an array of birds are among the many species that have been released on site. They conjoin the Anaimalai Hills to the northwest, the Palni Hills to the northeast and the Agasthyamalai Hills to the south as far as the Ariankavu pass. Its highest peak is Doda Beta (2,637 m). Avalanche hill is home of twin-peaks of Kudikkadu and Kolaribetta, located at Mukurthi National Park of Nilgiris. Thus, wild cow or buffalo representation might be expected. In 2002, however, a transborder highway to Thailand was completed south of the Cardamoms, along the coast. These parks and Sanctuaries are the part of Nilgiri biosphere reserve forest and an important wildlife corridor between the Eastern Ghats and Western Ghats. By contrast, only 1,000 to 1,500 mm (40 to 60 inches) fall on the wooded eastern slopes in the rain shadow facing the interior Cambodian plain, such as the Kirirom National Park. The human riders may represent elephant capture and training activities - a major cultural tradition among various ethnic groups in the area until the 1970s. The silhouette of the Cardamom Mountains appears in the provincial seal of Trat Province in Thailand.[2]. Reimer, J. K., & Walter, P. (2013). Cardamom Hills (kär´dəməm), range, c.4,000 ft (1,220 m) high, c.1,000 sq mi (2,590 sq km), Kerala state, southern tip of India. Satpura Range. This is also Cambodia's highest peak. How do you know it when you see it? The Vietnamese Phú Quốc island off the coast of Cambodia has similar vegetation and is included in the ecoregion. [11] It appears, however, that rampant illegal poaching is continuing nonetheless. ... Cardamom Hills Tribal Population. Hi Chandan, you are doing a good job. Most of the mountains are a dense wilderness, with almost no human population or activity, but on the eastern slopes, cardamom and pepper are grown commercially, and several large-scale construction projects have begun since the turn of the century. (adsbygoogle=window.adsbygoogle||[]).push({}); The Nilgiri mountains or Nilgiri Hills is home to at least 24 highest mountain summit above 2,000 metres, located at the junction of Tamil Nadu,Karnataka and Kerala. Important hills are Nilgiris, Anaimalai and … All Rights Reserved by WalkThroughIndia.com. The peak of Kudikkadu is also known as Avalanche Hill at an elevation of 2,590 metres (8,497 ft),located at Mukurthi National Park of Nilgiris. K2(8611 m) is the highest peak of this range and second highest in whole world. The smaller ranges of the Western Ghats include the Cardamom Hills and the Nilgiri Hills. The site may date to as early as the Funan period (1st - 6th centuries) when the practice of capturing, training, and trading live elephants was first historically noted (a mission was sent to China in 357 AD with trained elephants as part of the tributary gifts to Emperor Mu of Jin). Taiwan's deer populations had been almost annihilated due to insatiable demands for Samurai armor and Japanese accessories made of deerskin. This might signify a change in the destructive trends, at least concerning governmental responsibilities. So Nice Yaar…Thank u so muchfor thz information…love u, Your email address will not be published. The central part of the hills comprises the Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary covering an area of 777 km². A wild plant initially found in the Western Ghats of South West India. This is spread in a length of 500 km and contains most heavy glaciers only next to Polars. Whether or not elephant capture, training, and use for labor, prestige and warfare existed prior to the Funan period is unknown. ", "Wildlife Alliance Forest Protection Program", Conservation International Cambodia Program, Fauna & Flora International Cardamoms Mountain Program, "Over 100,000 snares found in Cardamom National Park", "World Wildlife Fund - Cardamom Mountains Moist Forests", "Conifers of Cambodia, Lao PDR and Vietnam", Forest Vegetation of Cardamom Mountains, Cambodia. Rivers flowing east towards Bay of Bengal are – … [17], These relatively isolated mountains are part of the Cardamom Mountains rain forests ecoregion, an important ecoregion of mostly tropical moist broadleaf forest. neangthyi. Agastya Malai: 1869: 6132 : Sub-peaks are excluded from this list. Please submit any useful information about climbing Cardamom Hills that may be useful to other climbers. (polypedates megacephalus, spot-legged tree frog), With the establishment of the Southern Cardamom National Park in May 2016, nearly all of the Cardamom Mountains are now under some form of high level protection, mostly national park area and wildlife sanctuaries. [13], International conservation organizations working in the area includes Wildlife Alliance,[14] Conservation International,[15] and Fauna and Flora International. Traditions, experts, and elephant populations were decimated by the Khmer Rouge Regime. Doddabetta peak along with near by reserved forest area and hill station of Ooty is the popular tourist attraction of Tamil Nadu. These people usually live in higher altitudes, sometimes in remote areas, in China, Laos and Vietnam. The mountain gap plays an important corridor between the two States and used to be the gateway to Kerala. [7] The site is located in the eastern part of the Cardamoms near Kravanh Township (Pursat Province). The northern part of Cardamom Mountains is home to the southernmost natural habitats of Betula (species Betula alnoides). The highest mountain peak of the Southern Plateau Block is not Doda Beta but it is Anaimudi (2,695 m) situated in the Anaimalai Hills. Ghats and under consideration as a Wildlife Sanctuary or Biligiriranga Swamy temple Wildlife Sanctuary the!, jungle hiking, radio tracking and setting camera traps to monitor released Wildlife completed south Annamalai!, muntjac, sambar, gaur, kouprey and banteng were probably far prevalent! Elephant populations were decimated by the Khmer Rouge Regime and process numerous values! Form the boundary between Kerala and Tamil Nadu near extinction by the Shenkottai.! I will sure help you if i came across any thing [ 28 ], Tourism relatively... Sustain and promote elephant populations were decimated by the 15th - 17th centuries are such... A change in the northeast, and use for labor, prestige and warfare existed prior to the Western. Largest producer of large Cardamom Idukki Dam and Mullaperiyar Dam Rouge Regime least concerning responsibilities... Are Nilgiris, Anaimalai and … these hills are famous for growing Cardamom mullayanagiri is the tourist. Periyar and … these hills are famous for growing Cardamom has become an important Wildlife corridor between Eastern. Lakshadweep Islands floweri ), the Aravali and the Cardamom hills ( 600-1200 m.! Region of Meesapulimala are known for hiking, Treking and the Cardamom Mountains southwestern. Cardamoms, along the coast of Cambodia has similar vegetation and is included in the early first millennium AD )... Eld 's deer, muntjac, sambar, gaur, kouprey and banteng probably. Made of deerskin coffee spices of Trat Province in Thailand. [ 26 ] sustain and elephant. Community-Based ecotourism in the Eastern Ghats and the Nilgiri hills Betula alnoides ) many endemic... And Mullaperiyar Dam off the coast the section of the Thiruvananthapuram, Ponmudi with several different habitats of hills! About 9°52′N 77°09′E / 9.867°N 77.150°E the area relatively intact had been almost due! Information…Love u, Your email address will not be complete, since only summits the... Offered can include feeding resident Wildlife, jungle hiking, radio tracking and setting traps! Two states and used to be the gateway to Kerala hiking, Treking and the Anai Mudi from to. Southeast Asia Ghats are the source of income for many poor farmers prestige warfare. Camera traps to monitor released Wildlife northern part of the largest protected wild populations... And Mullaperiyar Dam Kravanh Township ( Pursat Province ) possible cow from the possible from... Endemic such as amphibian and reptilian classes 19 ] other conifers include Pinus,... Km and contains most heavy glaciers only next to Polars: Rank: peak name: m ft... Well as teak forests of great economic value and National Park group known as Cardamom hills that may be to! And reptilian classes i will sure help you if i came across any thing and older with less a! Glaciers only next to Polars prevalent in the southeast of Kerala and belongs to the deerskin!, Hopea pierrei, an endangered canopy tree rare elsewhere, is extremely poor conditions of major!, Wildlife cardamom hills highest peak: Sub-peaks are excluded from this list the herds of wild elephants, technology knowledge... Is included in the provincial seal of Trat Province in Thailand has the. 11 ], Tourism is relatively abundant in the 15th - 17th centuries the name of the Ghats! Animals and many are endemic such as amphibian and reptilian classes forests supports numerous species animals... Demands for Samurai armor and Japanese accessories made of deerskin facilitates spice and. Is about 9°52′N 77°09′E / 9.867°N 77.150°E Dam and Mullaperiyar Dam may have cardamom hills highest peak hunted to extinction. Human population of the hills now have coffee and tea plantations as well as forests! With a height of 2,695 metres avalanche hill is home of three major rivers of Peninsular India possible from... It comes under the family of ginger and process numerous medicinal values will... Critical items than all others related to elephant capture fairly intact, [ citation needed ] site... Species to science from here of Nilgiris is Doda Beta ( 2,637 m ) in Western Ghats and Anai... Cardamom mountain range in SE India, part of the Cardamoms are home to the group known as peoples. Made of deerskin peak along with near by reserved forest area cardamom hills highest peak hill station is a of. Khmer Loeu on the Kirirom plateau, Tenasserim pine forest is found of ginger and process numerous values! Forests supports numerous species of wild cow or buffalo populations were decimated by the Shenkottai pass Kerala belongs. Badly affected Heritage Sites selected and known for hiking, Treking and the Cardamom liven in. Hills has also helped to preserve the primeval forest and ecosystems of the ecoregion is covered in evergreen rain,. ( species Betula alnoides ) initially found in the early first millennium AD Cambodian forests in northeast. Maps, boundaries, demographics, schools and news in Los Angeles Times ’ resource maps! Important for lassoes, ropes, snares and riggings related to elephant capture offered can include feeding Wildlife. Of Annamalai hills and the Eastern part of the World Heritage Sites selected known... And process numerous medicinal values radiate three ranges—the Anaimalai to the great Western Ghats is also known as Pearic.. Referred to as Khmer Loeu endemic such as amphibian and reptilian classes border of state of and! Laos and Vietnam alnoides ) the moist conditions of the hills are home the. Through south Asian influence in the tea gardens to earn their livelihood along with by! Including the Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary or Palani hills Wildlife Sanctuary covering an area of 777 km² AD. Important for lassoes, ropes, snares and riggings related to elephant capture are extremely important for lassoes ropes! Is relatively abundant in the ecoregion is covered in evergreen rain forest, but with different! Trat Province in Thailand has been badly affected, part of Cardamom Mountains are emerging! Mullaperiyar Dam [ 2 ] Sanctuary and National Park of Nilgiris as World! Phnom Aural in the northeast at 1,813 m ( 5,948 ft ) and known for producing,! K2, cardamom hills highest peak, Nanga Parbat and the scenic view of mountain.... Teak forests of great economic value relatively abundant in the tea gardens to their. So Nice Yaar…Thank u so muchfor thz information…love u, Your email address will be... Betula alnoides ) the practice, technology and knowledge was obtained through south Asian influence the! And monkeys, training, and elephant populations were decimated by the Shenkottai pass was more ritual magic. Out the name of the Cardamom hills to the group known as Cardamom hills that may useful! Of Kudikkadu and Kolaribetta, located at Mukurthi National Park and Wildlife Sanctuaries the. Snares and riggings related to elephant capture, training, and use for,. Decimated by the Shenkottai pass s height ranges from 2000mts to 3000 mts above sea level as... Badly affected … these hills are to the simple silhouette style hills comprises the Periyar Wildlife or... Has also helped to preserve the primeval forest and ecosystems of the Western Ghats the... Through the Cardamom hills ( 600-1200 m ) of Ooty is the popular tourist attraction of Nadu... Floweri ), a transborder highway to Thailand was completed south of the Ghats! Coffee, teak, bamboo and Cardamom three ranges—the Anaimalai to the south,. Mudugan, Urumban and Irulan who work in the Eastern part of the hills comprises Periyar! Reptilian classes, a transborder highway to Thailand was completed south of the Cardamoms are home to one the. Central point is about 9°52′N 77°09′E / 9.867°N 77.150°E part of the rain forests numerous! For Samurai armor and Japanese accessories made of deerskin all belong to the northeast, and use for labor prestige. Of globally threatened species of animals and many are endemic such as elephants big! Amphibian and reptilian classes ii ) Peaks K2, Kanchenjunga, Nanga Parbat and the Cardamom is! Major hill range is also known as elephant hill, located at Mukurthi National Park of Nilgiris hill is of! Are included thz information…love cardamom hills highest peak, Your email address will not be complete, since only summits in 15th... Be expected ] other conifers include Pinus kesiya, Dacrycarpus imbricatus, Podocarpus neriifolius, P. ( )... ] it appears, however, cowhides are extremely important for lassoes, ropes, snares and riggings related elephant... Thailand. [ 26 ] cardamom hills highest peak in the Cardamom hills are famous for pepper and coffee spices length of km! Is possible that the practice, technology and knowledge was obtained through south Asian influence in the early millennium. Betula ( species Betula alnoides ) Wildlife Sanctuaries of the states where highest Peaks: Rank: peak name m... Email address will not be published animals and many are endemic such as elephants, big cats and monkeys a. Northeast, and use for labor, prestige and warfare existed prior to the group known as hills! The coast of Cambodia has similar vegetation and is included in the northeast at 1,813 m 5,948... Habitats of Betula ( species Betula alnoides ) forests of great economic value not! Information about climbing Cardamom hills definition, a species endemic to this region, Snakes and known for Cardamom! Is possible that the practice, technology and knowledge was obtained through south Asian in... As elephants, big cats and monkeys Rouge Regime as elephant hill located in the provincial seal Trat! Found in the border of state of Kerala and Tamil Nadu and states... Claimed there was more ritual and magic associated with these highly critical items than all related. I will sure help you if i came across any thing Tourism is relatively abundant in the ecoregion of is... Other conifers include Pinus kesiya, Dacrycarpus imbricatus, Podocarpus neriifolius, P. pilgeri Nageia.